Pioneer Life in Upper Canada
Blacksmith Shop
La vie de pionnier dans le Haut-Canada

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The blacksmith made things mostly out of iron, which is black.  That's why he was called a blacksmith.
It was a hot and tiring job but very important to the pioneers.

  Tools of the Blacksmith

forge anvil and hammer bellows

Markham Museum and Historic Village
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Markham Museum and Historic Village
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Markham Museum and Historic Village
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The forge is a furnace usually fuelled by coal and used to heat metal to make it softer and easier to hammer into shape. The anvil is a block of iron with a flat top and pointed end.
Pieces of metal are placed on it and shaped by hammering.

Bellows are used to blow air onto the forge fire to make it hotter.

Products of the Blacksmith

 hooks and nails cooking utensils horseshoes


Markham Museum and Historic Village
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Markham Museum and Historic Village
larger image


Markham Museum and Historic Village
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Hooks were used to hang pots in the fireplace.  The sharp points held a slab a meat and it was placed in front of the fire to roast. Some blacksmiths made horseshoes and nailed them onto the hoofs of oxen and horses but this job was usually done by a special metalworker called a farrier.

Back to the Village
Pioneer Home ] School ] Saw Mill ] Grist Mill ] [ Blacksmith Shop ] General Store ] Doctor's Office ] Church ]