Pioneer Life in Upper Canada

Curriculum Connections

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- identify the countries of origin of the pioneers who settled in Upper Canada;
- locate and label the pioneers’ countries of origin on a world map;


- describe the routes pioneers took to arrive at their destinations in Upper Canada;
- locate and label pioneer settlements on a map of Upper Canada;
- trace the routes (e.g., England to Upper Canada) taken by early settlers on a world ma

Aboriginal Peoples

- identify the Aboriginal peoples located in Upper Canada at the time of first settlement; 
- describe the influence of Aboriginal peoples and pioneers in the area of farming methods (e.g., the use of crop rotation); 
- identify the contributions of Aboriginal peoples to pioneer settlement (e.g., medicine, food, and exploration); 
- describe Aboriginal communities prior to pioneer settlement;


- explain how the pioneers used natural resources (e.g., water, forests, land); 


- explain how the pioneers used natural resources (e.g., water, forests, land); 
- explain how the St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes were important to the settlement of Upper Canada (e.g., for trade and transportation); 

Village Life

- describe the major components of a pioneer village or settlement (e.g., grist mill, church, school, general store, blacksmith’s shop); 
- describe the lifestyles of male and female pioneers, and the various roles of individuals in a pioneer settlement.
- compare and contrast the lives (e.g., daily routines) of pioneer and present-day children of similar ages;
- compare and contrast buildings in a pioneer settlement with those of the present day; 
- compare tools used by the pioneers to today’s tools (e.g., hand saw/power saw); 
- investigate pioneer diet and compare it to that of present-day people (e.g., snacks, beverages, breakfast, lunch, dinner); 
- compare past and present techniques of processing products (e.g., production of maple syrup/sugar, lumber, and grain products); 


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