Markham Museum and Historic Village
the saw mill was built, logs had to be cut and shaped using hand saws and axes.
The smaller axe was used to cut down trees.
The two person saw is called a "buck" or crosscut saw and was used to
cut logs into pieces that would fit into wood-burning stoves.
The large axe is called a broad axe was used to hew round logs into
square timbers for buildings.