Pioneer Life in Upper Canada
Water
La vie de pionnier dans le Haut-Canada

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Pioneers usually settled near rivers or lakes. 
The waters were their highways for transportation and trade.

The dug-out canoe was common.  
It was made from a hollowed out log.

The birch-bark canoe was used by the Aboriginal peoples to travel longer distances.  
It was light and easy to carry around rapids.

Rafts were used to carry supplies short distances when the water was calm.

Later, larger boats such as steamboats were used on the Great Lakes.

 

Moving water also powered their saw mills and grist mills . . . 

      

 

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